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Winifred Frick, BCI

Leptonycteris nivalis

Order: Chiroptera

Suborder: Yangochiroptera

Family: Phyllostomidae

Call characteristics:

Low frequency caller


  2/3 - 1 oz

(18 - 30 g)

Body Length

2 3/4 - 3 1/2 in

(7 - 9 cm)

There are various sources for bat species range maps including IUCN, NatureServe, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service ECOS, and the National Atlas of the United States

Mexican Long-nosed Bat

Mexican Long-nosed Bat

The Mexican long-nosed bat is dark gray to brown with a long nose and distinctive nose leaf. The habitat of this species is desert scrub and includes vegetation such as agave, creosote, mesquite, and various cacti. They range from the southwestern US to central Mexico. The Mexican long-nosed bat roosts in caves, rock crevices, old tunnels, and mines. Its main food is nectar and its tongue can reach 3 inches into agave flowers to access nectar. This species is one of the main pollinators of agave plants including mezcal, tequila, and century plants. This species migratory activity mirrors the seasonal flowering of agave. Mothers give birth to 1 to 2 pups per year. It is estimated that this species population has declined by over 50%  over the last 25 years. These bats typically live 10-12 years in the wild.

Information used to populate this page was obtained from the following sources:
NatureServe Explorer
United States Fish and Wildlife Service Environmental Conservation Online System
Bat Conservation International Bat Profiles
National Atlas of the United States. (2011). North American Bat Ranges, 1830-2008. National Atlas of the United States. Available at:
Taylor, M. 2019. Bats: an illustrated guide to all species. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books.

Conservation Status

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